Question: Why Is Participant Observation Useful?

What are the strengths and weaknesses of participant observation as a method?

(i) The method involves a lot of time and effort.

(ii) It also involves a lot of expenses during work.

(iii) It is not necessary that the report consists of the views of the insider or of the sociologist, as the sociologist may become consciously or unconsciously bias in selecting what to write and what not to..

What does Participant observation involve?

Participant observation is a qualitative research method in which the researcher studies a group not only by observing the group, but also by participating in the activities of the group.

What are the advantages of non participant observation?

AdvantagesAllows researcher to see what goes on with their own eyes – can make judgements and observe body language used.Researcher can be more open minded as they’re an outsider looking in – less likely to feel sympathy and therefore produce bias data.More items…•May 10, 2016

How is observation used in data collection?

Observation is way of gathering data by watching behavior, events, or noting physical characteristics in their natural setting. Observations can be overt (everyone knows they are being observed) or covert (no one knows they are being observed and the observer is concealed).

What are the merits and demerits of participant observation?

AdvantagesValidity – produces rich qualitative data which shows picture of how people really live. … Insight – Allows researcher to gain empathy through personal experience . … Flexibility – more flexible and allows for an open mind.More items…•May 8, 2016

Do Interpretivists like participant observation?

Participant observation is where the researcher joins in with the group she or he is studying. This method is usually favoured by interpretivists as they can understand the meaning behind the behaviour of the group they observe.

What are the two types of participant observation?

There are two types of participant observation; Overt and Covert.

What is observation with example?

The definition of an observation is the act of noticing something or a judgment or inference from something seen or experienced. An example of observation is the watching of Haley’s Comet. An example of observation is making the statement that a teacher is proficient from watching him teach several times. noun.

What are the types of participant observation?

The approaches used while conducting participant observation typically change over time. There are three types of observation: (1) descriptive, (2) focused, and (3) selective. Descriptive observation is conducted at the beginning phase of the observation process.

Is participant observation valid?

Some positivists argue that participant observation lacks reliability, because as a method because its procedures are not explicit. There is no way of replicating a study to check the reliability of its findings; so it is not possible to generalize from these findings.

Where is participant observation used?

Participant observation is a type of research strategy. It is a widely used methodology in many disciplines, particularly, cultural anthropology, but also sociology, communication studies, and social psychology.

What is the meaning and purpose of participant observation?

: a research technique in anthropology and sociology characterized by the effort of an investigator to gain entrance into and social acceptance by a foreign culture or alien group so as better to attain a comprehensive understanding of the internal structure of the society.

How is participant observation used as a research method?

The participant observation method, also known as ethnographic research, is when a sociologist actually becomes a part of the group they are studying in order to collect data and understand a social phenomenon or problem. … Sometimes, though not always, the group is aware that the sociologist is studying them.

What are the 4 types of observation?

There are several different approaches to observational research including naturalistic observation, participant observation, structured observation, case studies, and archival research.

What are the problems with participant observation?

The challenges to be faced include: accessing to participants and obtaining the informed consents, the role to be adopted during data collection by the researcher, establishing a trusting relationship with the participants, the effect that feeling observed may have on participants’ behaviors, and identifying the …

What are the advantages and disadvantages of observation?

Observation Method of Data Collection: Advantages, Disadvantages, Techniques, TypesDirectness. The main advantage of observation is its directness. … Natural environment. … Longitudinal analysis. … Non-verbal behavior. … Lack of control. … Difficulties in quantification. … Smallness in sample size. … No opportunity to learn past.More items…

What is participant observation and its advantages?

It gives the researcher a better understanding of what is happening in the culture and lends credence to one’s interpretations of the observation. Participant observation also enables the researcher to collect both quantitative and qualitative data through surveys and interviews.

What are four disadvantages of participant observation?

List of the Disadvantages of Participant ObservationParticipant observation has a high risk of bias entering the data. … The representative sample being studied is relatively small. … It takes a lot of time to gather factual data using participant observation. … Ethical questions exist for this qualitative research method.More items…•Feb 29, 2020

What is an example of participant observation?

Examples of covert participant observation include studies in which researchers observe and even interact with people in public places, such as restaurants, transportation hubs, stores, and online chat rooms, but do not introduce themselves as researchers or inform people that they are being studied (Sharf 1997; …

What is the importance of observation in research?

User research consists of two core activities: observing and interviewing. Since we’re most interested in people’s behavior, observing is the most important of these activities because it provides the most accurate information about people, their tasks, and their needs.

How does Participant observation help anthropology?

Performing activities with the group gives the researcher greater empathy, as well as a much more in-depth understanding of the group members and their activities. Participant observation studies have provided some of the most valuable insights in anthropology and sociology.

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